The Graves in Rome of John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Nicholas Stanley-Price, Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome, 2020.
This booklet celebrates the bicentenaries of the two poets� deaths in 2021 and 2022. It explains why their graves are where they are and why.
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The Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome. Its history, its people and its survival for 300 years.
Nicholas Stanley-Price, Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome, 2014.

Drawing on extensive new research, early travel accounts and images of the Cemetery in paintings and photos, the most up-to-date account of its history and of the people buried there.
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Der Nicht-katholische Friedhof in Rom. Seine Geschichte, seine Pers�nlichkeiten und sein �berleben seit 300 Jahren.
Nicholas Stanley-Price. Aus dem Englischen von Katrin Marburger. Nicht-katholischer Friedhof in Rom, 2016

Die aktuellste Darstellung der Geschichte des Friedhofs und der dort begrabenen Pers�nlichkeiten � auf der Grundlage umfangreicher neuer Forschungen, fr�her Reiseberichte und Bilder des Friedhofs.
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At the foot of the Pyramid: 300 years of the cemetery for foreigners in Rome.
Nicholas Stanley-Price, Mary K. McGuigan and John F. McGuigan Jr. Edizioni AsKI e.V.|Casa di Goethe/Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome, 2016
The catalogue of an exhibition held in 2016. It contains two essays about the Cemetery’s history as seen through the eyes of artists such as J.M.W.Turner, J.P.Hackert, Ettore Roesler Franz and Edvard Munch. Each of the 44 exhibits has two pages, one of description and the other a full-colour image. An essential book for understanding better the cemetery in its Roman context. [catalogue]

Exhibition catalogue plus postage and packaging according to country. Please select ONE.
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Am Fuße der Pyramide. 300 Jahre Friedhof für Ausländer in Rom
Nicholas Stanley-Price, Mary K. McGuigan und John F. McGuigan Jr. Edition AsKI e.V.|Casa di Goethe/Cimitero Acattolico di Roma, 2016.

2016 haben wir das 300jährige Bestehen des Friedhofs am Fuße der Pyramide mit einer Ausstellung über die Geschichte des Friedhofs und die künstlerische mit diesem Ort gefeiert, darunter Maler wie J.M.W. Turner, J.P. Hackert, Ettore Roesler Franz und Edvard Munch. Ein wichtiges Buch für ein besseres Verständnis des Friedhofs in seinem römischen Kontext. [Katalog]

Il Cimitero acattolico di Roma. La presenza protestante nella città del papa.
Antonio Menniti Ippolito, Viella, 2014.
Updating and expansion, based on further archival research, of his essay in the ‘Parte Antica’ volume (see below). Provides fundamental source material about the origins of the Cemetery and the Catholic church context.

The Protestant Cemetery in Rome: the cemetery of artists and poets.
Johan Beck-Friis, Malmö: Allhems Förlag, 1956.

The standard brief illustrated history of the Cemetery, with a list of notable graves. Frequently reprinted with minor additions, it is available in German, Italian and English editions.

The Protestant Cemetery in Rome: the "Parte Antica"
edited by Antonio Menniti Ippolito and Paolo Vian, Roma: Unione Internazionale degli Istituti di Archeologia, Storia e Storia dell'Arte in Roma, 1989.

The result of an intensive research project into the Parte Antica by the British and Swedish institutes in Rome. Most of the volume is in English, with the two main chapters on the early history of the Cemetery in Italian and German.

All'ombra della Piramide: storia e interpretazione del Cimitero acattolico di Roma
Wolfgang Krogel, Roma: Unione internazionale degli istituti di archeologia storia e storia dell'arte in Roma, 1995.

The most detailed account of the development of the Cemetery in its wider historical context, drawing upon archives in Rome and a wide range of published sources.

La piramide di Caio Cestio e il cimitero acattolico del Testaccio
Chiara Di Meo, Roma: Palombi editori, 2008.
A historical study of the Pyramid and Cemetery in the context of attitudes towards death, richly illustrated by contemporary engravings and paintings of both monuments (out of print).

Newsletter of the Friends of the Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome (Newsletter)
Quarterly newsletter describing how the Cemetery is cared for, and with short articles on its history and on interesting people buried there.

The titles listed above are available at the Visitors’ Centre of the Cemetery. Enquiries to:


Nicholas Stanley-Price. A grave in a foreign land: early American presence at the Protestant burying-ground in Rome. In American Latium. American artists and travelers in and around Rome in the age of the Grand Tour. Proceedings of the international conference (eds. Christopher M.S. Johns, Tommaso Manfredi and Karin Wolfe, Quaderni degli Atti, 2017- 2018, Accademia di San Luca, Roma, 2023, pp. 113-122.
Washington Irving in 1804 was the first of many American visitors to the Protestant cemetery in Rome who reflected on the tragedy of dying in a foreign land. The graves of John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley provoked similar thoughts, as did the memorials to a growing number of Americans who died in the city. Sixteen American Protestants were buried there in the period 1800–49. Memorials for Americans were designed by prominent sculptors such as E.G. Göthe, Henry Kirke Brown, and – a recent discovery – Thomas Crawford, commissioned by a South Carolina client. Struck by the pathos of seeing their compatriots’ graves, American travellers in their memoirs nevertheless concurred with Shelley that the beauty of the Protestant cemetery provided ample solace for the tragedy of dying abroad.

Nicholas Stanley-Price and Elania Pieragostini. Thomas Jones�s excursion to the English Cemetery and Testaccio in Rome, 1777, in British Art Journal XXIII, no. 2 (Autumn 2022),79-85.
On his visit to Testaccio on 22 March 1777, the Welsh artist Thomas Jones made a watercolour of the �English cemetery� at the foot of the Pyramid. This and two other views that he made, of Monte Testaccio and of the customs house (La Doganella), illustrate the area�s topography and how visitors� access to the �Recinto di Testaccio� was controlled. Earlier that month, on a visit north of the city, he made one of the few known drawings of the burial-ground at the Muro Torto, where �heretics� were buried before the Protestant Cemetery came into being.

Nicholas Stanley-Price. Memorial sculpture in the Protestant Cemetery at Rome. New discoveries and an inventory of identified works, Opuscula. Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome 15 (2022), 187-217.
This is a new inventory of over 130 monuments in the Cemetery for which the sculptor, architect or bronze foundry, either Italian or non-Italian, has been identified. There are many new identifications, often based on inscriptions on the sculptures that have not previously been recognised. Among them are many works by known foreign sculptors who had settled in Rome. There are elaborate monuments that were evidently commissioned by wealthy relatives or friends of the deceased; but a greater number of sculptures were contributed by artistic family members or by other fellow artists, as a tribute to the deceased.

Nicholas Stanley-Price. The sacrosanct status of the graves of Keats and Shelley in the 20th century. Keats-Shelley Review 35,1 (2021), 64-79.
Formal decisions taken in the 1880s and 1890s confirmed that the graves of John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley in Rome were considered to be sacrosanct. In the twentieth century, they continued to be depicted in art and literature, increasingly through photography and in fiction writing. Requests �to be buried near the poets� changed the environment of Shelley�s grave while Keats�s grave was at risk when the Cemetery was bombed during WW2, leading to criticism in the press of its condition. Regular commemoration ceremonies remind us of the continuing sanctity of the poets� graves today.

Nicholas Stanley-Price. The Old Cemetery for foreigners in Rome with a new inventory of its burials. Opuscula (Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome), 13 (2020), 187-222.

A new inventory of over 150 burials made in the Old Cemetery, with notes on each individual, including Stuart courtiers and Grand Tourists but also more women and working people than previously identified. The article reconsiders evidence for how the Cemetery developed, how extensive it was, and when stone monuments were first erected.

Nicholas Stanley-Price. The grave of John Keats revisited.
The Keats-Shelley Review 33, 2 (2019), 175-193

Many visitors to John Keats’s grave in Rome in the nineteenth century thought it ‘neglected’ or ‘solitary’ and unshaded. Today’s critics, viewing it in a corner of the cemetery, sometimes describe it as ‘marginal’. An analysis of the history of the grave suggests that, on the contrary, it enjoyed a privileged position. It also puts into context the threat in the late 19th century to have the grave demolished.

Nicholas Stanley-Price. Shelley’s grave re-visited
The Keats-Shelley Journal 65 (2016), 53-69

The grave in Rome of Percy Bysshe Shelley soon became a place of pilgrimage for admirers of his poetry, and remains one today. Evidence derived from cemetery records, early visitors’ accounts and depictions of the grave reveals how, during the 19th century, it acquired an aura of sanctity, an aspect of his posthumous fame that has not hitherto received much attention.

Nicholas Stanley-Price. Foreigners only! The cemetery for non-Catholics in Rome.
In Foreigners in significant cemeteries (ed. Andreea Pop), Association of Significant Cemeteries in Europe, AGM, Bucharest, 2015, 60-64
Foreigners who died in Rome fall into four broad categories, based on why they were in Italy. The article also comments on feelings of nostalgia for their homelands, and on the sculptors among the foreign population who designed gravestones for their friends.

Nicholas Stanley-Price. The myth of Catholic prejudice against Protestant funerals in eighteenth-century Rome
Analecta Romana Instituti Danici (ARID)
, XLII (2017), 89-100.

Online at
The many eyewitness accounts of funerals, and the depictions of these events by artists, show that there prevailed an atmosphere of tolerance rather than prejudice by the Papal authorities towards the Protestants in Rome in the eighteenth century.

Nicholas Stanley-Price. See Rome � and die. Legacies of the Grand Tour in a Roman cemetery. In The legacy of the Grand Tour: new essays on travel, literature, and culture (ed. Lisa Colletta), Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2016, 169-183.
An analysis of their tomb inscriptions, early travellers� accounts and genealogical data suggests that at least fifteen of the graves in the Old Cemetery (Parte Antica) were of young men who died in Rome while on the Grand Tour.

P.M. Barone, K.J. Swanger, N. Stanley-Price and A. Thursfield. Finding graves in a cemetery: Preliminary forensic GPR investigations in the Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome (Italy), Measurement 80(2016) 53–57.
Preliminary report on a survey of the Old Cemetery (the Parte Antica) using Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR) to detect unmarked graves and other subsurface features that influence management policies.

Nicholas Stanley-Price. Where are They Buried?, Astene Bulletin 61: Autumn 2014
Brief notes on some of those buried in the Cemetery who were associated in some way with Egypt or Egyptology, published in the Bulletin of the Association for Study of Travel in Egypt and the Near East.

The Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome:
Management and Stone Conservation

Nicholas Stanley-Price, Heritage Consultant
Amanda Thursfield, Director, Non-Catholic Cemetery Rome (Italy)

Conservation de la Pierre dans les parcs, jardins et cimetières/
Conservation of stone in Parks, Gardens and Cemeteries
(eds. M. Stefanaggi et V. Vergès-Belmin)
14es journées d’étude de la SFIIC,
Paris, Institut national du patrimoine, 22-24 juin 2011, Paris 2011,
pages 64-71
Article summarizing the current management policies of the cemetery as of 2011.

Douglas Stephens. A short history of the making of the Rémillard Angel
This account, written specially for this website, of the making of a replica of Wm. Wetmore Story’s Angel of Grief sculpture puts into perspective what Story achieved in Rome in 1894-95.

My in Rome
Nicholas Stanley-Price, e-dialogos · Annual digital journal on research in Conservation and Cultural Heritage · n 2 · August 2012.
A short account of the significance and conservation of the Cemetery, part of a series by invited authors on "My favourite..."

Three articles by Christina Huemer (�)

An eighteenth-century artist's funeral at the Protestant Cemetery in Rome
Christina Huemer, Storia dell'Arte n.125/126 (n.s. 25/26), 2010, 171-181

Publishes the contemporary description and drawing of the night funeral of the Swedish painter Jonas Akerstr�m in 1795.

Thomas Cole's View of the Protestant Burying Ground, Rome (1832-1833) at Olana
Christina Huemer, In Crossings. Ponti sull'Atlantico. Testi in ricordo di Regina Soria (ed.
F.M.Fales). Naples: Liquori, 2011, 103-108

Describes Cole�s view of the Cemetery and the subsequent history of his painting.

Sculpture in the Non-Catholic Cemetery of Rome
Christina Huemer
, Final English draft text written by the author in 2007, published in Italian as: La scultura nel Cimitero acattolico di Roma, in Lo splendore della forma. La scultura negli spazi della memoria (a cura di Mauro Felicori e Franco Sborgi). Bologna: Luca Sosselli editore, 2012, 204-214
Describes a selection of the Cemetery�s more notable sculptures in the context of the Cemetery�s history
(for the illustrations, see the published Italian version, also posted here as a pdf)